Last names can tell us a lot about where someone is from, their culture, and their history. (Or sometimes it’s just something you pick up when you get married.) Mexico has an incredibly rich history, going back to ancient civilizations like the Aztecs, Olmecs, and Mayans. It was then colonized by the Spanish. Today, the country is made up of 31 states and one federal district, and has a population of more than 100 million people. Mexican last names include influences from the indigenous populations, as well as the Spanish colonizers. And frequently, Mexican people have two (or more) last names: the first is typically the father’s last name and the second is the mother’s last name.
If you have a Mexican last name or are curious about them in general, here are some of the most popular Mexican last names and what they mean. You can also check out our pages on French last names, Portuguese last names, Brazilian last names, and more.
Mexican Last Names
Meaning: Prominent or exposed place
Meaning: Describing a person from the region of Aguilar, in the Castile region of Spain.
Meaning: Hillside slope or pasture
Meaning: Barrier; referring to people who lived by a gate or fence.
Meaning: Spanish variant of the name “Baruch,” which means “blessed” in Hebrew.
Meaning: Young cow
Meaning: Bright raven (and it actually has Germanic roots)
Meaning: From the Spanish and Portuguese words meaning “rough,” “wild,” or “courageous.”
Meaning: White or gray-haired
Meaning: Purplish-blue; its root is from the Spanish word “Cardeno.”
Meaning: Cheek, Spanish
Meaning: Civil or polite
Meaning: Thick coyote
19. de Leon
Meaning: Frank or free
Meaning: Gallant or dashing
Meaning: “descendant or son of Garcia”
Meaning: Daring or brave
Meaning: Son of Jimeno, a variant of Simon
Meaning: From the village called Lara de Los Infantes in Spain
Meaning: Profuse, lush, or exuberant
Meaning: Derived from the name “Matthew,” which means “gift of God”
Meaning: Bush or shrubs
Meaning: Of the sea
Meaning: God of Mars
Meaning: It could refer to the multiple cities in Spain named Medina. It’s also a surname in Saudi Arabia.
Meaning: Complete sacrifice
Meaning: Lovely or wondrous
Meaning: Since the word is typically used to refer to blackberries or mulberries, most believe this was used as a surname for fruit farmers.
Meaning: Valley or plain of people
Meaning: Olive grove
Meaning: Possibly related to “pequeño,” which means “short” or “little.”
Meaning: Yard or farmstead
Meaning: Famed judge
Meaning: Curved or bent
Meaning: Oak tree
Meaning: Most likely derived from “saltus,” which means “forest” and “novalis” (“unploughed land”)
Meaning: Safe or secure
Meaning: Earth or land
Meaning: People who inhabited a region around a tower or a fort
Meaning: Crow or raven
Meaning: Crow or raven
Meaning: Edge, border, or shore
Meaning: Someone who lived near the opening of the forest
Meaning: Broad or extensive
Meaning: Channel or strait
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